Navigating Your Child’s Health

“Every child deserves a champion – an adult who will never give up on them, who understands the power of connection, and insists that they become the best that they can possibly be.”

Dr. Karyn Purvis

Navigating Your Foster Child’s Health: A Comprehensive Guide

Children in foster care often arrive with complex physical, mental, and emotional health needs due to their prior experiences. As a foster parent, navigating your child’s health can be one of the most challenging yet rewarding aspects of your role. This page is designed to equip you with the knowledge and resources necessary to understand and meet these health needs. By maintaining a holistic focus on your foster child’s health – from routine medical check-ups to emotional well-being and beyond – you can help set the foundation for their lifelong health and resilience. Your commitment to understanding their health journey can significantly impact their recovery, growth, and overall well-being. Let’s explore how to navigate these often uncharted waters together.

Physical Health: Building Foundations for a Healthy Life

Children in foster care often come with complex health histories. Their physical health may have been compromised due to neglect, lack of access to healthcare, or traumatic experiences. As a foster parent, your role in nurturing their physical health is vital in setting them up for a healthier, happier future.

Regular Check-ups

Regular medical check-ups are critical to monitor a child’s growth, development, and overall health status. These visits are also an opportunity to address any health concerns and to keep up-to-date with necessary vaccinations. Ensure that you’re working with a pediatrician who understands the unique needs and challenges of foster children.


Proper nutrition is a key component of physical health. A balanced diet full of fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, and whole grains can support growth and development, improve cognitive function, and boost the immune system. If your foster child has been exposed to food insecurity in the past, they might have certain fears or anxieties around food. Providing a stable, reassuring environment with regular meals and snacks can help address these issues.


Physical activity is crucial for a child’s health. It helps control weight, reduce the risk of chronic diseases, strengthen bones and muscles, and improve mood and mental health. Encourage your foster child to engage in activities they enjoy, whether it’s playing a sport, biking, dancing, or simply playing in a park. This not only promotes health but also provides opportunities for social interaction and skill development.

Dental Health

Good oral health is an essential part of a child’s overall health. Regular dentist visits for check-ups and cleanings are important. At home, encourage good habits like brushing twice a day and flossing regularly. If your foster child hasn’t been taught these habits before, it may take some patience and repetition.


Adequate sleep is vital for a child’s physical and mental health. It supports growth, reduces the risk of health conditions like obesity and heart disease, and improves learning and attention. Establishing a regular sleep routine can provide a sense of security and help ensure your foster child gets the necessary amount of rest.

Sensory Health

Regular screenings for vision and hearing are key aspects of a child’s health care. These are essential for their learning, development, and social interactions. Children in foster care may not have had regular check-ups, and issues could have been overlooked. Ensure that your foster child’s eyes and ears are checked regularly, and any necessary treatments or supports, like glasses or hearing aids, are provided.

Every child’s needs will differ, and you may encounter challenges along the way. But remember, small steps can lead to big changes. By focusing on these key areas of physical health, you can provide your foster child with a strong foundation for a healthier life. Your dedication can make all the difference in their journey towards well-being.

Mental and Emotional Health: Nurturing Resilience and Recovery

Foster children often carry the invisible scars of their past experiences. These experiences may have a profound impact on their mental and emotional health. As a foster parent, you have the opportunity to nurture their healing, resilience, and emotional growth.

Understanding Trauma

Children in foster care have often experienced traumatic events, which can result in various emotional and behavioral reactions. Understanding the impact of trauma can help you provide sensitive care and respond effectively to your child’s needs. Remember, reactions to trauma can manifest differently in different children – some may withdraw, while others may act out. Patience, empathy, and professional guidance can help manage these situations.

Therapy and Counseling

Mental health professionals play a crucial role in helping foster children process their experiences and develop coping strategies. This may involve individual therapy, family therapy, or specialized therapies like trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy. Finding a therapist who has experience with foster children can be very beneficial.

Emotional Literacy

Teaching children to recognize and express their feelings can help them manage their emotions effectively. This can involve talking about feelings, reading books about emotions, or using creative outlets like drawing or play to express emotions.

Social Skills

Foster children may need help developing social skills, especially if their past experiences have disrupted their social development. Encourage and model positive interactions and guide them in building friendships. Activities such as team sports or clubs can also provide excellent opportunities for social learning.


Children who have been through neglect or abuse may struggle with low self-esteem. Regularly affirm their worth, celebrate their achievements, and encourage their interests and talents. This can help them develop a more positive self-image and build their confidence.


Foster children have shown immense resilience in facing their life challenges. As a foster parent, you can foster this resilience by providing a stable, loving environment, teaching problem-solving skills, and showing them that they can influence their world in positive ways.

Navigating Health Services

Guiding Foster Parents Through the Healthcare Maze

Medical Consent

Navigating the consent process for a foster child’s medical treatment can be tricky. The rules can vary depending on the local laws and the specific circumstances of the child’s case. Generally, biological parents retain the right to consent for major medical procedures unless their rights have been terminated or they are deemed unfit to make those decisions. However, foster parents typically can consent to routine medical care. Understanding these rules can help you advocate for your foster child’s health needs effectively.

Medical Insurance

Foster children are typically eligible for Medicaid, a government-funded health insurance program that covers a wide range of services including doctor visits, hospital care, vaccinations, vision and dental care, mental health services, and more. Some states also have additional health insurance programs for foster children. It’s important to understand how these programs work, what they cover, and how to access services.

Medical History

Acquiring a foster child’s medical history is crucial, as it can inform current and future healthcare decisions. This history should ideally include birth records, immunization records, past doctor’s visits, hospitalizations, surgeries, known allergies, and any mental health or behavioral issues. However, gathering this information can be challenging due to privacy laws and the child’s previous living conditions. Utilize your child welfare caseworker as a resource in gathering this vital information.

Special Needs

If your foster child has special health needs or disabilities, the challenges can be even more significant. They might need specialized care, therapies, educational accommodations, or other supports. It’s crucial to work closely with health professionals who understand your child’s condition, connect with parent support groups, and learn about resources available in your area. Remember, being proactive and persistent in seeking the best care for your child can make a huge difference.

Transitioning to Adult Healthcare

As a foster child nears adulthood, it’s essential to start planning for the transition to adult healthcare. This might involve finding new healthcare providers, discussing the child’s health history and ongoing needs, and teaching the child how to manage their healthcare independently.

Resources: Your Toolbox for Navigating Foster Child Health

The Internet can be an invaluable tool in your journey as a foster parent, providing access to a wealth of information and resources. To save you time and effort, we’ve compiled this list of reliable sources. From local support to national organizations, these resources can help you ensure your foster child’s optimal health.

American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) – Foster Care Resources:

The AAP provides a range of resources related to the health of children in foster care, including policy statements, clinical reports, and more.

Child Welfare Information Gateway

This site is an excellent resource for understanding federal laws and policies, accessing state statutes, and learning about the latest in research and statistics for child welfare.

Healthy Foster Care America (HFCA)

HFCA is an initiative that focuses on improving the health and well-being outcomes of children and teens in foster care.

National Foster Parent Association

hey offer education and support services to foster families, including health resources.